The Role of Medicinal Plants as Antimicrobial in Saudi Arabia
Multi-drug bacteria (MRSA) have become a series of health problems globally. Bacterial antibiotic resistance is developed their strategies in resistance mechanisms last decade; furthermore, this change in bacteria needed more attention and additional effort to discover effective materials used as antimicrobial. This review aims to screen the research done about medicinal plants used as antimicrobial in Saudi Arabia; in this review, we collected from three electronic database, Web of Science, PubMed and Google scholar databases, considering all the articles published in last years, and met criteria. The keywords were used“ medicinal plant,” “inhibition ” and “antibacterial activities ” “flora in KSA ” that used plants as an antimicrobial against high resistance bacteria and fungi in the last ten years. The study found that when, collected 157 articles from which 88 matching were excluded. Out of 69 publications, only 36, or 22.9%, met the criteria applied in this review. About 34 families of plants spacially Lamiaceae, Asteracea and Apocynaceae were most used and 103 species that were used against resistance gram-positive and negative bacteria and some pathogenic fungi. Most of the extracts were methanolic extras with a percentage of 49%, followed by ethanoic, essential oil, aqueous, acyl acetate, and hexane. The arid dry part was highly used when we observed, and leaves, flowers and stems, and roots were low. This highlighting used standards laboratory methods for the evaluation of plant extracts. Number of articles used plants as antimicrobial activities has increased siginficatly in last ten years.