First study of Micromonospora echinospora isolation from a rocky site of Eastern Algeria and first report of its potential use in cementitious materials biohealing
In recent years, bio-healing based on microbial induced carbonate precipitation in cracks has been widely exploited to improve concrete properties and thus increase its durability. In this context, the present study aims to explore the possibility of using nine bacterial isolates as biohealing agent of cementitious materials; these bacteria (coded B1 to B8) were obtained from the three different rocky sites, i.e., 795 L1 (limestone rock site), 795 L2 (ordinary soil site), and 812 (clayey site); situated in Oulad Rahmoun (Constantine-Algeria). The primary identification showed that eight isolates belonged to a Bacillus genus, and one isolate B8 developed particularly morphological characterized by branched and septate hyphae. The isolates B4 and B8 were selected for their ability to produce calcium carbonate in precipitate calcium (PC) liquid and solid media after five days of incubation. The addition of urea in PC liquid media accelerated the formation of calcite which appeared after 3 days of incubation. The growth curve of both selected isolates on LB liquid medium showed that B8 was characterized by a long exponential growth phase (up to 72 hours) compared to B4 which had an exponential phase up to 48 hours, which could explain the largest amount of calcite precipitate observed in the case of B8 cultivated in PC liquid medium. Results of the bio-healing experiment carried on cementitious batches showed that a beginning of a slight repair of the cracks from the 11th day was only observed in the case of the bacterium B8 but the bio-healing capacity was absent in the control. This bio-healing agent was identified as Micromonospora echinospora (NCBI-NO139612), according to N-Blast of 16S-DNA sequence. In conclusion, the present study is the first to isolate M. echinospora species from rocky sites; and to describe it as an efficient bacterial agent in concrete bio-healing applications.