Metabolism of β-naphthoflavone by cytochrome P450 isoforms in three air breathing fish, Channa punctatus, Heteropneustes fossilis and Clarias batrachus
Keywords:Channa punctatus, Heteropneustes fossilis, Clarias batrachus, Cytochrome P450, β-naphthoflavone
The crucial phase I xenobiotic metabolising enzyme cytochrome P450 (CYP 450) has a variety of isoforms and a wide range of substrate specificities. While the roles of mammalian CYP 450 are well established, those of non-mammalian species are much less defined. These roles are frequently extrapolated from mammalian data and assumed to be similar across vertebrate species. In the present study, three air breathing fish species, Channa punctatus, Heteropneustes fossilis and Clarias batrachus were injected intraperitoneally (IP) with 50 mg/kg β-naphthoflavone (β-NF) and its effects on hepatic CYP 450 system were evaluated. β-NF treatment resulted in significant increase (p<0.01) in CYP 450 content and CYP1A mediated EROD (Ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase) activity in all three treated fish groups compared to control. CYP2B mediated N,N-dimethylaniline demethylase activity and CYP2E1 mediated aniline hydroxylase activity showed no response suggesting insensitivity to β-NF treatment. All three fish species showed an increase in CYP3A4 mediated erythromycin N-demethylase activity, but only H. fossilis displayed a significant difference (p<0.05). Of all the activities investigated, EROD activity mediated by CYP1A responded towards β-NF treatment the best and could serve as a sensitive biomarker to gauge the effects of chemical pollutants in the aquatic environment.