Effect of BOUGARA dam water irrigation on morphological characteristics and yield of Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)


  • mohamed lamine taleb tissemsilt university
  • OUABEL Habib Tissemsilt university
  • ahmed abderrahim agricultural services directorate
  • mhamed maatoug tiaret university
  • youcef rabia Tissemsilt university




BOUGARA dam water, Hordeum vulgare l, Irrigation, Morphological characteristics, Yield.


Rainfall in the Algerian highlands is experiencing a significant decrease, prompting the state to exploit surface water, namely the establishment and operation of dams in the supply of drinking water and irrigation. To this end, our work focuses on the study of the water quality of the BOUGARA dam, supplied mainly with treated wastewater, and its effects on the quality and yield of barley, because this dam, with a capacity of 11 million m3, is located in an agricultural perimeter with an area of approximately 1000 ha. To obtain valid results, we proceeded with the installation of 14 rectangular plots with an area of 100 m2 each around the dam. These plots were the subject of identification of the type of soil and the sowing of barley (Hordeum vulgare), where 7 plots were irrigated from the dam while the other 7 were not subject to any irrigation. Will this be the subject of a witness? In addition, seven bottles of 250 ml each at a depth of 10 cm were taken from the points closest to the plots to define the quality of the water in the dam. Harvested barley was measured qualitatively and quantitatively for all plots, followed by a comparison between irrigated and non-irrigated plots using one-factor ANOVA. The water quality of the dams has been studied through principal component analysis (PCA) by comparing it to the quality recommended by the Algerian standard. The soil in this study area is light, sandy to sandy clay loam, with a pH of 7.39 to 8.17 and high levels of organic matter. These results indicate an excellent soil for growing barley. Algerian irrigation standards for dam water do not meet Algerian irrigation standards. Analysis of variance at the 95% significance level suggests that a lack of water during the development cycle of barley has a significant effect on germination, grain yield, and straw. The salinity of the water in the dam causes the quality of the barley to be inferior on the irrigated plot, measured by the length of the ears, the length of the beard, and the weight of a thousand grains. These results indicate a failure in the treatment of treated wastewater discharged into the dam and require a revision of the method used.

Author Biographies

OUABEL Habib, Tissemsilt university

Natural science and life departement (lecturer)

ahmed abderrahim, agricultural services directorate


mhamed maatoug, tiaret university

professor (natural science and life departement)

youcef rabia, Tissemsilt university

student (natural science and life departement)






Research Articles